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Bio Remediation
Bio Remediation

In the environment, natural and most man-made contaminants are eliminated without human intervention. Naturally occurring microorganisms, enzymes and chemicals combine with weather to eliminate the toxins and restore the soil to its previously healthy state. However, this process occurs over decades. Technological advances have made it possible to greatly accelerate the natural process to complete in a matter of weeks by acclimating select microorganisms and focusing them to attack and eliminate many hydrocarbon based toxic materials, such as petrol.

Remediation technologies are widely varied but can generally be categorized as ex-situ or in-situ. In-situ methods treat the contamination on-site without removing the soil, while the more traditional ex-situ methods involve excavation of the effected soil as well as treatment at the surface. The latter method can be quite costly with having to physically remove, haul and treat or dispose of the contaminated soil, then perform repairs and restoration of site damage. Bioremediation can eliminate contamination in most environments quicker and more efficiently than traditional methods and at significantly lower costs because the affected area can be treated on site.

Bioremediation is the use of microorganismal metabolism to remove pollutants. Microorganisms, like all living creatures, require nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphate, carbon and water to grow and survive. Some microorganisms will break down organic contaminants as a source of carbon for energy and growth. This natural process results in the contamination being metabolized by the microbes into harmless carbon dioxide, water and fatty acids. When the food source is depleted, the microbes expire and the contaminated site is returned to its original state. All of our solutions, including microbes are non-pathogenic, non-toxic, non-carcinogenic and biodegradable.

This method has many advantages. At sites where contamination is confined it is possible to begin development on the clean areas while bioremediation is in progress on the remainder of the site. This is possible because the process is non-disruptive and does not require the removal and replacement of large amounts of soil. Furthermore, while ex-situ remediation often just moves the pollution from one place to another, bioremediation actually eliminates the contaminants.

Bioremediation should be considered as an environmentally and economically desirable option for any site where hydrocarbon based remediation is required.
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